II Barcelona Workshop on Global Governance: The Role of Networks
The most prominent ideas of the guest speakers
The second Barcelona Workshop on Global Governance, the 2014 edition, jointly organized by ESADEgeo and IBEI, has had high attendance levels, the presence of more than twenty international experts, and the special contribution of three internationally renowned professors, who have given the invited lectures.
Over two days, the experts have analysed the performance of public institutions, non-governmental organizations, experts and professions in the global arena, which set the course of many public policies, beyond relations between countries. This year's edition has analysed networks as a key element of discussion and analysis, addressing the roles and the impact that these have on global governance.
The main ideas of the three professors who have given invited lectures at BWGG-2014 are outlined below.
Magnus Thor Torfason (Harvard University School), a specialist in social networking behavior and group identities in the global space, highlighted the impact of intergovernmental networks on the processes of democratization. His speech highlighted the idea that “if a State is linked to other more democratic States through an international intergovernmental organization, and it shares the membership with them, this can have a positive effect on its democratization".
Deborah Avant (University of Denver), a specialist in security and global governance and author of the book ‘Who Governs the Globe?’ (Cambridge University Press, 2010), emphasized the idea that global leaders are authorities that exercise power beyond the borders, with the intention of influencing certain public policies at a state level. She explains the concept of power in the global arena as a relational power, which takes on several forms: coercion, exchange, persuasion, identification, etc.
Miles Kahler(University of California, San Diego), an expert in economy, trade and international relations in the Asia-Pacific region, introduced a degree of scepticism about the relevance of alternative models of global governance, since the existence of these does not imply inclusion of new actors in the areas of major global influence. According to Kahler, intergovernmental organizations and alternative models complement, but do not substitute, the role played by states and large international organizations.