[CANCELLED] Research Webinar: Populism, Extractivism and the Environment in Latin America
Teresa Kramarz (Munk School of Global Affairs & Public Policy, University of Toronto)
This Research Webinar has been cancelled and is not going to take place on May 4th.
Moderator: Charles Roger (IBEI)
This seminar analyzes the reduced policy space for environmental governance in extractive states, and the impact of populist governments on opportunities for environmental action in Latin America. Although the phenomenon of populism is often portrayed as a driver of poor environmental governance, we identify it instead as an intervening variable at best - and one that emerges as a response to the democratic accountability deficits that characterize extractive states. So-called populist governments in twenty first century Latin America have responded to this cleavage in their interventions on specific local economic, social, and political crises. However, once in power, populist sequences have often intensified rather than reversed the technocracy, verticalism, and exclusion of extractive states in order to increase and more widely distribute resource rents. As a result, extractivism gains a powerful, popular, and legitimating mandate despite its negative social, environmental, and economic consequences. By examining the experience of oil extraction in Venezuela and Ecuador, we identify the constraints and opportunities for environmental action as peoples and states attempt to balance state-society-nature relations imposed by the extractive state.
Teresa Kramarz is the Director of Munk One, a program for first year undergraduate students at the Munk School of Global Affairs and Public Policy, and Co-Director of the Environmental Governance Lab alongside Matthew Hoffmann and Steven Bernstein. An expert on international organizations and global governance, with emphasis on global environmental politics, her work has examined the impact of the World Bank’s public-private partnerships on democracy, innovation, and financially sustainable conservation governance, the legitimacy of the World Bank as a global knowledge actor, and the local/global relationship in the provision of global public goods. She has current and upcoming publications with Review of Policy Research, Global Environmental Politics, Springer, Oxford University Press, and the Institute on Globalization and the Human Condition. Dr. Kramarz has extensive experience in her field having worked for almost ten years with the World Bank, the United Nations Development Programme, the Food and Agricultural Organization, and the Canadian International Development Agency on sustainable development programs, institutional analysis and capacity building for the biodiversity, climate change and decertification conventions.